Garage Rock

Garage rock was a form of amateurish rock music, particularly prevalent in North America in the mid-1960s and so called because of the perception that it was rehearsed in a suburban family garage. Garage rock songs revolved around the traumas of high school life, with songs about "lying girls" being particularly common. The lyrics and delivery were more aggressive than was common at the time, often with growled or shouted vocals that dissolved into incoherent screaming. They ranged from crude one-chord music (like the Seeds) to near-studio musician quality (including the Knickerbockers, the Remains, and the Fifth Estate). There were also regional variations in many parts of the country with flourishing scenes particularly in California and Texas. The Pacific Northwest states of Washington and Oregon had perhaps the most defined regional sound.


The style had been evolving from regional scenes as early as 1958. "Tall Cool One" (1959) by The Wailers and "Louie Louie" by The Kingsmen(1963) are mainstream examples of the genre in its formative stages. By 1963, garage band singles were creeping into the national charts in greater numbers, including Paul Revere and the Raiders (Boise), the Trashmen (Minneapolis) and the Rivieras (South Bend, Indiana). Other influential garage bands, such as the Sonics (Tacoma, Washington), never reached the Billboard Hot 100. In this early period many bands were heavily influenced by surf rock and there was a cross-pollination between garage rock and frat rock, sometimes viewed as merely a sub-genre of garage rock.

The British Invasion of 1964–66 greatly influenced garage bands, providing them with a national audience, leading many (often surf or hot rod groups) to adopt a British Invasion lilt, and encouraging many more groups to form. Thousands of garage bands were extant in the USA and Canada during the era and hundreds produced regional hits. Examples include: "The Witch" by Tacoma's The Sonics (1965), "Where You Gonna Go" by Detroit's Unrelated Segments (1967), "Girl I Got News for You" by Miami's Birdwatchers (1966) and "1–2–5" by Montreal's The Haunted. Despite scores of bands being signed to major or large regional labels, most were commercial failures. It is generally agreed that garage rock peaked both commercially and artistically around 1966. By 1968 the style largely disappeared from the national charts and at the local level as amateur musicians faced college, work or thedraft. New styles had evolved to replace garage rock (including blues-rock, progressive rock and country rock). In Detroit garage rock stayed alive until the early '70s, with bands like the MC5 and The Stooges, who employed a much more aggressive style. These bands began to be labelled punk rock and are now often seen as proto-punk or proto-hard rock.

TRANSLATE TO INDONESIAN

Garage Rock adalah suatu bentuk penggemar musik rock, terutama terjadi di Amerika Utara pada 1960 dan dinamakan demikian karena persepsi diuji di garasi keluarga pinggiran kota. lagu-lagu rock Garasi seputar trauma kehidupan sekolah tinggi, dengan lagu tentang "gadis-gadis berbohong" untuk menjadi sangat umum. Lirik dan pengiriman lebih agresif daripada yang umum pada saat itu, sering muncul atau suara pecah menjerit berteriak tak jelas. Chord minyak berkisar dari musik (seperti biji) dan sebagai musisi dari beberapa studi (termasuk Knickerbockers, dan pertanian tetap kelima). Ada juga variasi regional di banyak bagian negara dengan adegan berkembang terutama di California dan Texas. Pasifik Barat Laut negara bagian Washington dan Oregon telah suara daerah mungkin lebih pasti.

gaya telah berkembang dari adegan daerah pada tahun 1958. "H Cool" (1959) oleh The Wailers dan "Louie Louie" oleh Kingsmen (1963) adalah contoh utama dari genre dalam tahap pembentukan. Pada tahun 1963, garasi single band itu merayap sebagai daftar nasional, termasuk Paul Revere dan Raiders (Boise), yang Revels (Minneapolis) dan Rivieras (South Bend, Indiana). garasi band lain yang berpengaruh, seperti Sonics (Tacoma, Washington), tidak pernah mencapai Billboard Hot 100. Pada periode ini banyak band sangat dipengaruhi oleh rock surfing dan ada penyerbukan silang antara rock garasi dan frat rock, kadang-kadang terlihat hanya sebagai genre Garage Rock.

Invasi Inggris 1964-66 dipengaruhi band garasi, menyediakan khalayak nasional, sehingga banyak (sering kelompok surfing atau hot rod) mengambil irama mendorong invasi Inggris dan banyak kelompok lain terbentuk. Ribuan band garasi yang hadir di Amerika Serikat dan Kanada selama waktu produksi dan keberhasilan ratusan daerah. Beberapa contoh adalah: "The Witch" oleh Tacoma Sonics (1965), "Di mana Anda Gonna Go" oleh segmen Detroit terkait (1967), "Girl I Got News for You" oleh pengamat Miami (1966) dan "1 - 2-5 "oleh The Montreal Haunted. Meskipun puluhan band ditandatangani label regional yang besar atau besar, sebagian besar kegagalan komersial. Hal ini berlaku umum bahwa batu garasi melanda baik komersial dan artistiknya di 1966. Pada tahun 1968 sebagian besar gaya menghilang dari daftar musisi lokal dan nasional dan penggemar kuliah, bekerja atau thedraft. gaya baru telah berevolusi untuk menggantikan Garage rock (termasuk blues, rock progresif dan batu negara). Detroit rock garasi yang tetap hidup sampai '70 awal, dengan band-band seperti MC5 dan The Stooges, yang menggunakan gaya jauh lebih agresif. Band-band ini mulai diberi label punk rock dan sekarang sering dilihat sebagai proto-proto-punk atau hard rock.


From Wikipedia

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